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Blotches of depigmentation? This is what you need to know

About

Vitiligo Vulgaris is a disease that causes loss of skin color in blotches.

Globally, Vitiligo Vulgaris affects about 0.5-2% of people. [1]

Vitiligo Vulgaris is:
- Treatable, but the condition is not curable
- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Lab tests or imaging are not required
- Can last for years or persists lifelong
- Can affect people of any age, gender, or ethnic group

Vitiligo Vulgaris occurs when melanocytes die or stop producing melanin. The reason for dying melanocytes is unknown, but it might be related to the immune system attacks, family history or sunburn, stress, and exposure to industrial chemicals.
The total area of skin affected by Vitiligo Vulgaris can vary between individuals. It can affect the eyes, the area inside the mouth, and also the hair. The condition is highly photosensitive.

Symptoms

The very common symptoms of Vitiligo Vulgaris are:
- Loss of skin color in blotches
- Premature whitening or graying of hair (of scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, or beard)
- Loss of color of tissues lining the inside of the mouth
- Loss of color of the retina

Treatment

Self-care: Though this condition is non-curable, few methods can improve the appearance of the skin. Using sunscreen can help in tackling the sensitivity of the affected areas.

Medication: Doctors may however recommend certain medications to improve the condition of Vitiligo Vulgaris. Medicines containing steroids or immunosuppressive drugs are effective in these cases. Ultraviolet light therapy can also be recommended in cases of severe skin disorder. Also, topical corticosteroid creams can be prescribed by doctors.

Specialists: For other kinds, consult a dermatologist. Visit mfine website to find information on various medical conditions. You can also come onboard for holistic treatment.

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Dr. Jaidev N.C.

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