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What Is Tinea Unguium? Complete Guide


A fungal infection of the nails, also known as Onychomycosis.

Tinea Unguium represents about 30% of all dermatophyte (fungal) infections and accounts for 18-40% of all nail disorders. (1)

- Can be treated by a medical professional
- Usually self-diagnosed, abnormal developments can be seen
- Spreads easily, from one part to another or to people
- Long-term: chronic, can last for a long time

It is an infection in which the fungi breed on the nail plate, and/or the nail bed starts developing. There are various types of this disorder -

- Distal Subungual Onychomycosis - Growth of the fungi is away from the center or lateral, and can occur in both fingernails and toenails.
- White Superficial Onychomycosis - A certain type of fungi starts developing superficial layers of plaque on the nail.
- Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis - The least common of all, it invades the nail from near the cuticles/nail fold and then progresses on.
- Candidal Onychomycosis - It is caused by the Candida species and often occurs when people immerse their hands in water a lot.
- Total Dystrophic Onychomycosis - it is a combined state of all the above and can result in the total destruction of the nail.

Ages affected: Most common in adults, especially after 60 years of age


Self Diagnosable
Symptoms include changes in nail structure, coloration, and formation of an outer layer of plaque, either yellow or white in color.

People may experience
- Thickened, hard or crumbled nails
- Darkened skin underneath the nail
- Foul smell


Self-care: Medicated nail polish, like Penlac and antifungal nail creams, can be used if suitable.

Medications: Antifungal medicines that have shown positive results in patients

Specialists: Clinical cure can be effective for therapy. At mfine, we find the right doctors to help assist you in quality healthcare.

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