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All you need to know about Head Lice Infestation

About


A parasitic infestation on the scalp by Pediculus humanus capitis, commonly known as the Head Louse, causing irritation and itching


Preschool and elementary-age children, 3 to 11 years of age are infested most often. Females are infected more often than males, probably due to more frequent head to head contact. [1]
- Medical diagnosis by a general physician is required.
- It is most commonly affects young as well as teenage girls and women.
- A physical exam of the scalp is enough.
- It can be physically discomforting.
The infestation of head lice follows a life cycle that of the parasite. The eggs of the head lice called Nits hatch in about 1 week to release a Nymph that matures into an adult in 7 days. The adult lice have a life span of 30 days on a person’s body and die within a couple of days if they cannot feed on blood regularly. They spread through head-to-head contact.
Ages affected between 3 years and 12 years most often; above 13 years often


Symptoms


Self-diagnosable
The symptoms include irritation of the scalp and the presence of lice and nits on the scalp and around the hairline.


People may experience
Uneasiness: Irritation and itching due to the bites of the lice


Treatment


Self-care: Washing the hair properly and regularly. Avoid sharing combs or clothing with an infected person, or even in general.
Medication: Benzyl alcohol, Malathion shampoo and lindane shampoo can be effective against the itching.
Specialist: If the condition persists, consult a dermatologist. At mfine, modern medical techniques are used to cure the patient of the ailment or the disease.

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