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Hyperkeratosis, Fissures on soles: What you need to know

About

Hyperkeratosis is a skin condition characterized by abnormal thickening of the outer layer of skin whereas fissures, in common terms, refers to cracked heels.
Hyperkeratosis is associated with the presence of an abnormal quantity of keratin and fissures are caused due to lack of moisture in the skin. [1]
● Self-diagnosable
● More prevalent in older people above 40 years - hyperkeratosis
● Fissures- affect both adults and children.
● Mostly preventable with active prevention measures.
● Treatment options available
● Lab tests, skin culture tests are often required.
Plantar hyperkeratosis is the hyperkeratosis of the soles of feet. It can also appear as a form of skin cancer. The body could produce extra keratin as a result of inflammation, as a protective response to pressure, or as a result of a genetic condition. Cracked heels or fissures on soles are a common foot problem. In some cases, they can become very deep and cause pain.

Causes

The causes are:
1. Chronic exposure to arsenic
2. Vitamin A deficiency
3. B-Raf inhibitor drugs.
4. Lack of moisture
Symptoms
It is self-diagnosable
People may experience the following:
Corns or calluses cropping up on the soles of feet due to the wearing of shoes.
1. Thickened, flaky skin
2. Blisters
3. Red, scaly patches.
4. Pain
5. Bleeding

Treatment

Self-care: Moisturizing the feet regularly, wearing comfortable shoes, using a heel balm, avoid going barefoot or wearing sandals and shoes with thin soles is recommended.
Medications: corticosteroids ointment, skin peels, laser therapy, dermabrasion are recommended.
Specialists: Consult a dermatologist for other concerns. Surgical removal of dead skin is recommended. At mfine, you can get a comprehensive treatment plan for optimum health.

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