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All You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer

Samya Ghosal

Studies have revealed that the incidence of prostate cancer in India is likely to double by 2020.

In most cases, one does not experience any early symptoms in prostate cancer. Symptoms vary from person to person, and the symptoms are associated with other conditions as well.

Symptoms

  • difficulty urinating
  • burning or pain while urinating
  • interrupted urine flow
  • frequent urination.

An advanced stage symptoms:

-back pain, hip pain or pelvic pain
-problems getting or keeping an erection
-blood in the urine or semen
-unexplained weight loss.

Prostatitis, diabetes, and other medical conditions can exhibit the same kind of symptoms. To be on the safe side, get yourself checked by your GP so you can know what’s causing these symptoms. Get the right treatment on time.

Risk Factors

Several factors might affect your risk of getting this cancer.

  • Age: Prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 40. Chances of being diagnosed with prostate cancer rapidly rises after the age of 50.
  • Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of any cancer.
  • Family History: If prostate cancer runs in your family, you are more likely to inherit the cancer genes. Most of the time, prostate cancer occurs in men without a family history of it.
  • Men with Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, or HNPCC, have an increased risk of prostate cancer and other cancers.

What Can You Do?

There is no evidence to prove that diet plays a role in the prevention of prostate cancer. However, an earlier dietary change may help in reducing the risk. Reduce the consumption of foods that are high in fat. Consume more of vegetables, fruits, and legumes to stay healthy.

Talk to your doctors before taking vitamin or mineral supplements. Get routine screenings like digital rectal exams (DRE) and prostate specific androgen (PSA) tests. Because many factors can affect your prostate, your doctor is the best person to interpret your PSA test results. A biopsy can diagnose the cancer for sure.

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